Mahogany Tree | You Must Know About Mahogany Tree
Mahogany Tree. Mahogany is a straight-grained, reddish-brown wood of three tropical hardwood species of the genus Svetnia, a Native American and part of the Meliaceae pantropical Chinaberry family. One of them is Swietenia mahogany, from tropical America. It is a tall evergreen tree with a hardwood that turns reddish-brown when mature. Each large leaf leaflet is arranged like a feather but no terminal leaflet. The small white flowers are carried in bunches, and the fruit consists of five broken woody capsules containing square, winged seeds. Most commercial Mahogany now comes from other genres in the family, such as African khaya and Entandophragma.
Mahogany Tree General information
Botanical name: Swietenia Mactophylla
Common name: Mahogany
English name: Mahogany
Country of origin: South America and Mexico
(Naturalised in Philippines, Singapore, and Hawaii)
Main Types Of Mahogany Tree
(1) Cuban Mahogany (Original)
(2) Honduran Mahogany
(3) Mexican Mahogany
(4) African Mahogany
(5) New Zealand Mahogany
Mahogany Tree Leaves:
4 to 10 inches long with green color
Mahogany Tree Flowers:
Small yellow or white flowers with good fragrance
Mahogany Tree Flowering period:
April to June
Mahogany Tree Growing rate: slow
Mahogany Tree Fruits:
Fruits are in the shape of a Pear. Color is light blue or gray and full of capsule shape beans.
Mahogany Tree Height:
Height is different in different species and depends on age and types of soil.
Generally, it grows 40 to 150 feet in height.
Use of wood:
The building of ships, making the handle of weapons, musical instruments, furniture, treehouse, water home, plywood, etc.
Use of fruits and seeds:
* Its fruit we can not eat directly
* Widely used to make medicine, it has a tremendous medical characteristic like control cholesterol, empowers the immune system, reduces fat in the blood, fights against free radicals with antioxidants.
Method of planting a Mahogany tree
* The choice of the place should be the right amount of sunlight
* Do not apply it in high ridges
* This tree is favorable for hot weather, so that excessive sardine can harm mahogany trees.
* When the temperature reaches below 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4.4 degrees Celsius), do not plant the mahogany tree and raise the temperature.
* Mahogany trees are well-drained sandy soil, i.e., sandy ground with the right edge.
* Do not apply it in heavy clay soil and duplex soil.
* This tree can live in acidic soil but do not plant it in alkaline soil. If you want to neutralize alkaline soil, add sphagnum peat, ammonium nitrate fertilizer, sulfur coated urea, and agriculture sulfur.
* Most mahogany trees are resistant to salt spray, so the soil is often wet with salt mists; the roots of mahogany trees are deep, so keep in mind that the ground you have used is deep.
Distance from trees:
Plant trees at least 15 feet (4.57 meters) away from any house or large structure. It should also be 8 feet (2.43 meters) away from sidewalks, roads, and driveways.
* Mahogany tree has long ridges and long roots, so the proper place is vital.
* Similarly, it is better to plant mahogany trees at a distance of at least 15 feet (4.57 m), which will make it easier to do an intermediate crop.
* Dig a pit 20 inches (50.8 cm) deep or as bottomless as the plant’s polythene with a shovel or shovel.
* The width of the hole should be twice the length of the root of the plant.
Mix organic fertilizer
* It would be best if you mix manure made from cow dung only when the pits are dug, and if there is less water area, then add soft black soil, which will maintain water collection.
* If later on, you want to apply fertilizer around the plant, too, then remove some dirt and remix it after mixing the soil.
* Spray herbicide in the pit to get rid of the plants that harm the plant for two years, but when using this herbicide, always read the information written on it.
Planting the plant in the ground
* Pick the plant very comfortably, tear off its polythene, and keep its roots in the middle of the pit, remembering that the seeds should not be outside the width of the ground or else the plant can be dry.
* Give water slowly, and soak the whole plant and the surrounding land.
* To give the plant more growth and help in its establishment, consider applying balanced fertilizers that contain nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.
* The label of fertilizers in the NPK combination can usually be 10–10–10, equal to 30–30–30 or more. Apply 0.22 to 0.44 lb (100 to 200 g) of fertilizer per tree. Apply fertilizer to the perimeter of the tree. Do not spread it in small piles of soil. Do not lay it in the pit or on the ground surface.
* The compost given may result in weed growth. Keep in mind that it is not necessary if you do not want to plant organic fertilizer before planting.
Keep an eye on pests:
Some standard kits can cause trees’ health and longevity; whenever you see such germs, use pesticides at that place, the most significant issues being shoot wearers, longhorn beetles, powder post beetles, tip mites. , Nasal deciduous, deciduous, Cuban leaf beetles, mahogany webworm, and Sri Lankan V.V. pests present a significant threat to the health and longevity of the borer tree. Pesticides should be used when borer.
Other pests cause aesthetic damage to trees and often do not cause structural damage; thus, their use of insecticides is not as crucial as their problems are seen. You can treat the tree or choose not to do so. Huh,
When choosing a pesticide, in particular, select the paste you are trying to kill. Do not assume that all pesticides will work on all pests.
Monitor the tree for signs of infection:
Although the disease invades very few mahogany trees, bacteria infection can occur when the tree is under stress or is injured.
Locate the bark extending between the tree branches, especially where this branch meets the stem.
As the fungal disease progresses, the discoloration changes from a slightly creamy color to a red-laden canker that grows on the bark’s surface. These bulges will continue to grow and eventually destroy all your branches and trees. The best way to save a mahogany tree is to remove the infected wood. You can also plant fungicides on the tree, but fungicides do not always work on this particular type of infection.
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